Curcumin(ˈkər-kyə-mən) n. 1. A phytochemical, derived from the rhizome of Curcuma longa a perennial herb that is cultivated extensively in south and southeast Asia. The main active ingredient in turmeric which provides it's yellow pigment. Synonyms: Diferuloylmethane, (1E,6E)-1,7-Bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione, C21H20O6 Derivation: Curcum(a) + New Latin -ina -in. From Arabic kurkum turmeric.
SourceThe plant curcuma longa, native to southwest India. This herbaceous perennial plant is a member of the ginger family. Curcumin is the most active ingredient in turmeric and has powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Its first therapeutic use dates back to 1748.
UsesCurcumin is used today as a powerful anti-inflammatory agent. Clinical trials have shown its efficacy regarding: Cancer therapy, colorectal cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, multiple myeloma, lung cancer, cancer lesions, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, arthritis, uveitis, postoperative inflammation, peptic ulcer, H. pylori infection, idiopathic orbital inflammatory pseudotumor, vitiligo, psoriasis, dejerine-sottas disease, Alzheimer’s disease, acute coronary syndrome, atherosclerosis, diabetes, diabetic nephropathy, diabetic microangiopathy, lupus nephritis, renal transplantation, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, thalassemia, biliary dyskinesia, gallbladder contraction, recurrent respiratory tract infections, ATT-induced hepatotoxicity, chronic arsenic exposure, alcohol intoxication, and chronic bacterial prostatitis.
Forms (delivery methods)Curcumin is available in liquid, capsule, powder and paste.
Side EffectsMost people will experience no side effects from using curcumin in normal doses.
Research:1 Therapeutic Roles of Curcumin: Lessons Learned from Clinical Trials https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3535097/